What is an IUD?

An IUD (IntraUterine Device), as known as IUCD or ICD (IntraUterine Contraceptive Device), is a small, T shape, long-acting reversible birth control device (LARC). Once inserted into a woman’s uterus, it prevents pregnancy by stopping sperm from reaching and fertilizing eggs.

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Types of IUDs

There are two types of IUDs, copper IUDs and hormonal IUDs.

A Copper IUD: a tiny piece of copper wraps around a T shape plastic. It does not contain hormone. The copper is toxic to sperm, thus, prevents sperm from getting to the eggs.

A Hormonal IUD: contains a hormone called Progestin. It releases a small amount of Progestin. Progestin prevents pregnancy by thickening the mucus on cervix which blocks and traps sperm. It also prevents the lining of the uterus from growing thick enough to support a fertilized egg.

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Benefits of IUDs

  • Long lasting: It continuously protects you from pregnancy for years.
  • Reversible: Once removed, fertility returns to normal very quickly.
  • Very effective: It is more than 99% effective.
  • Very convenient: Once you have one inserted, you and your partner don’t have to think about it. It is a “set-it-and-forget-it” birth control method.
  • Can be used by most women, regardless of race, parity, or BMI.

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Who can use IUDs

IUDs are suitable for women seeking a long-term birth control option. Most healthy women can use IUDs, but there are some conditions may increase the chance of side effects or complications. Talk to our doctors to find out if IUDs are safe for you.  

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